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Biodegradable Polymer Films: Processability, Technological Properties and Their Viability for Flexible Packaging Applications

Nowadays, there is a rising interest in the packaging industry regarding more environment?friendly (i.e. biodegradable and/or compostable) polymer?based solutions, especially for film blowing applications. However, replacing traditional, fossil resource?based polymers typically used for such applications is not an easy task, since the more environment?friendly solutions must have adequate features in terms of processability and final properties.In this work, three commercial biodegradable (and, at least partially, biobased) polymers were investigated by a preliminary rheological and mechanical analysis, in order to perform film manufacturing experiments in a laboratory equipment. Furthermore, oxygen and water vapor barrier properties were studied by permeability measurements. The investigation was ultimately performed on films produced in an industrial equipment, and the results were compared to a typical, standard polypropylene (PP) film used in flexible packaging applications. It was found that the mechanical properties were adequate (in some cases, even up to 25–30% higher than in the PP counterpart), as well as oxygen permeability. On the other hand, water permeability was significantly higher than in PP films, and this should be taken into account in the case high water vapor barrier properties should be required.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publication date: 12/03/2024

Polymer International


This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 837761.