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Effects of solvent casted poly (lactic acid)/poly(ethylene glycol)/paraben derivative triazine films on antibacterial performance and cytotoxicity

A series of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films that including fully paraben substituted triazine derivatives having anti?bacterial properties have been prepared by utilizing the solvent?casting method. PLA as biodegradable polymer, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as a plasticizing agent and s?triazine molecules (TA01, TA02, TA03, TA04, and TA05) behaving as an anti?bacterial component have been utilized in the experiments. The influence of TA compounds on the antibacterial performance of PLA/PEG films was investigated for the first time against Gram?negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Gram?positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria via the contact active method. TA01?03?05 incorporated PLA/PEG films gave the best results against E.coli bacteria and log10 reductions of these films were 0.78, 0.64, and 0.65 respectively. The effect of TA compounds on the cell viability was investigated against cancer and non?cancerous cell lines using an MTS assay. The results showed that TA compounds had a positive effect on cell growth in non?cancerous cells, while they had a negative effect on cell growth in cancer cells. Furthermore, the addition of TA considerably increased the decomposition temperatures from 349° to 361° and char yield from 0.65 for PLA/PEG film to 2.3 for PLA/PEG/TA05. All of the films had good transparency and low opacity which was 7.2 for pure PLA used for control and the maximum opacity value was 11.2 observed for PLA/PEG/01. TA03 and TA04 caused a decrement of water vapor permission when compared to PLA/PEG films from 1439 to 749 and 664. It was also observed that pure PLA/PEG film lost weight rapidly over time during degradation tests. On the other hand, weight loss wasn't observed in PLA/PEG/TA films. This study focused on demonstrating the use of our new, flexible PLA/PEG derivatives in food and medical packaging.

Publication date: 05/03/2024

Polymers for Advanced Technologies


This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 837761.