Curcumin-Loaded Silica Nanoparticles: Applications in Infectious Disease and Food Industry
Curcumin has multiple properties that are used to cure different diseases such as cancer, infections, inflammatory, arthritic disease, etc. Despite having many effects, the inherent physicochemical properties&mdash;such as poor water solubility, chemical instability, low bioavailability, photodegradation, fast metabolism, and short half-life&mdash;of curcumin&rsquo;s derivatives have limited its medical importance. Recently, unprecedented advances in biomedical nanotechnology have led to the development of nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems in the treatment of diseases and diagnostic goals that simultaneously enhance therapeutic outcomes and avoid side effects. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are promising drug delivery systems for more effective and safer treatment of several diseases, such as infections, cancers, and osteoporosis. Achieving a high drug loading in MSNs is critical to the success of this type of treatment. Their notable inherent properties&mdash;such as adjustable size and porosity, high pore volume, large surface area, functionality of versatile surfaces, as well as biocompatibility&mdash;have prompted extraordinary research on MSNs as multi-purpose delivery platforms. In this review, we focused on curcumin-loaded silica nanoparticles and their effects on the diagnosis and treatment of infections as well as their use in food packaging.