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Nonwoven viscose fabric?polyvinyl alcohol based flexible composite

The main aim of the present study is to explore the properties and probable application of nonwoven viscose and PVA based flexible biocomposite.Development of ecofriendly packaging materials is still a challenging area. Researchers are continuously working to improve the mechanical and barrier properties of the different polymers which are used in the packaging industry. Selection of reinforcement and matrix for any composite are based upon end use applications. The novelty of the work is development of fully biodegradable, flexible, lightweight biocomposite by reinforcing needle punched flexible nonwoven viscose fabric to the PVA solution. The effect of PVA concentration and areal density of viscose fabric on the properties of prepared composite is examined. The composite thus prepared is assessed in terms of mechanical, thermal, breathability, and UV blocking properties. The nonwoven viscose?PVA composite shows excellent improvement in tensile strength of 100% to 300% with respect to PVA film of equivalent concentration for two different areal densities of viscose fabric. The composite also exhibits improved thermal stability and UV blocking property with respect to parent components. However, a reduction in flexibility (with respect to PVA film) as well as breathability (with respect to viscose fabric) of the composite is observed. Based upon the improved performance of the viscose?PVA composite in terms of mechanical properties, UV and water vapor permeability, it seems that the composite has a strong potential for application in the packaging sector as a flexible as well as biodegradable composite.

Publication date: 13/08/2022

Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology


This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 837761.