Improvement in Thermal Stability of Flexible Poly(l-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-lactide) Bioplastic by Blending with Native Cassava Starch
High-molecular-weight poly(l-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-lactide) triblock copolymer (PLLA-PEG-PLLA) is a promising candidate for use as a biodegradable bioplastic because of its high flexibility. However, the applications of PLLA-PEG-PLLA have been limited due to its high cost and poor thermal stability compared to PLLA. In this work, native cassava starch was blended to reduce the production cost and to improve the thermal stability of PLLA-PEG-PLLA. The starch interacted with PEG middle blocks to increase the thermal stability of the PLLA-PEG-PLLA matrix and to enhance phase adhesion between the PLLA-PEG-PLLA matrix and dispersed starch particles. Tensile stress and strain at break of PLLA-PEG-PLLA films decreased and the hydrophilicity increased as the starch content increased. However, all the PLLA-PEG-PLLA/starch films remained more flexible than the pure PLLA film, representing a promising candidate in biomedical, packaging and agricultural applications.
Publication date: 04/08/2022
Author: Yaowalak Srisuwan
Reference: doi: 10.3390/polym14153186