New Antioxidant Active Packaging Films Based on Yeast Cell Wall and Naphtho-&gamma;-Pyrone Extract
The main objective of this work is the development of new active films based on yeast cell wall obtained by high-pressure homogenization (YCW-H) supplemented with naphtho-&gamma;-pyrone (CL-NGP) extract, which is a bioactive compound produced by Aspergillus tubingensis G131 with great antioxidant potential. A complete characterization of the functional properties of the bioactive films, such as their structural, colour, thermal, mechanical, hydration and water vapour transport, was carried out to evaluate the influence of the addition of the antioxidant compounds. Likewise, the antioxidant capacity of the developed materials and the specific migration of NGPs in food simulants were evaluated. The results showed that CL-NGP extract possessed an important antioxidant activity, which was maintained after incorporation in YCW-H films. The addition of 2 and 5% CL-NGPs decreased the hydration of films and consequently improved the water vapour barrier properties. It was observed that CL-NGPs migrate in fatty food simulants and retain their antioxidant capacity in the simulant. The results obtained in this work showed that bioactive films based on yeast cell walls with the addition of CL-NGPs have the potential to be used as packaging material in systems of interest in the food industry.