A green and facile method to fabricate multifunctional and highly thermally conductive boron nitride?based polymer composites
AbstractSynthesis of antimicrobial films for packaging applications is eminent fields of research. This study describes preparation of biodegradable Poly (PVA/PLA/TiO2) nanocomposite films was carried out by blending polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polylactic acid (PLA) doped with titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles using solution casting method and then irradiated by ??irradiation. The properties of the films were characterized by FT?IR, XRD, FE?SEM, TEM, TGA, and mechanical tests. The addition of TiO2 nanoparticles (0.8 wt%) explored considerable effects on thermal stability of the films. Results of FE?SEM and TEM illustrated quite uniformly dispersion of TiO2 nanoparticles with average size of 17.5 nm. The effect of ??irradiation on nanocomposite films showed enhanced water resistance property and water vapor transmission rate. The water resistance property was achieved using PVA/PLA composition ratio (2/1). The antibacterial activity was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. Poly(PVA/PLA/TiO2) nanocomposite film irradiated at 20?kGy displayed improved antibacterial activity and was selected for soil burial biodegradation tests. The biodegradation rate increased rapidly in the initial 12?weeks with significant changed morphology. The enhanced antibacterial efficiency and biodegradation property of the nanocomposite films suggest their possible use for development of packaging materials with low environmental impact.