Strategies and Challenges for Successful Implementation of Green Economy Concept: Edible Materials for Meat Products Packaging
Currently, the problem of pollution due to plastic waste is a major one. The food industry, and especially that of meat and meat products, is intensely polluting, both due to the raw materials used and also to the packaging materials. The aim of the present study was to develop, test, and characterize the biopolymeric materials with applications in the meat industry. To obtain natural materials which are completely edible and biodegradable, different compositions of agar, sodium alginate, water and glycerol were used, thus obtaining 15 films. The films were tested to identify physical properties such as smell, taste, film uniformity and regularity of edges, microstructure, color, transmittance, and opacity. These determinations were supplemented by the evaluation of mechanical properties and solubility. According to the results obtained and the statistical interpretations, three films with the best results were used for packing the slices of dried raw salami. The salami was tested periodically for three months of maintenance in refrigeration conditions, and the results indicate the possibility of substituting conventional materials with the biopolymer ones obtained in the study.
Publication date: 07/12/2021
Author: Roxana Gheorghita Puscaselu
Reference: doi: 10.3390/foods10123035