Nanocomposites are a class of nanomaterials, where one or more nanostructured materials (organic/inorganic) are incorporated in metal, polymer, or ceramic to obtain a new material with many unique properties. Nanocomposites are applied in various branches of science and different industries, such as target drug delivery, imaging, agriculture, sensors, batteries, artificial implants, and aircraft. Advancements and continual research in nanotechnology promise the development of more potential nanocomposites with varied useful applications.
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Some examples of nanocomposite components include nanofibers, nanorods, nanoparticles, and carbon nanotubes. One of the important features of nanocomposite is that it exhibits synergistic properties that are not present in the individual components. Typically, nanocomposites possess multifunctional properties, such as high mechanical strength, high electrical conductivity, and enhanced optical properties. They also have a high surface-to-volume ratio for the loading of biomolecules.
Experts have indicated that the global nano market would be driven by the increase in the use of nanocomposites, particularly in industries like packaging, aerospace, energy, automotive, electronics, and many others. This article discusses some of the recent innovations in nanocomposites and provides an overview of future applications.
Nanocomposites and AircraftsA full list of available Coating and Deposition Equipment are listed here.
Recently, Sheffield Hallam University in the UK, in collaboration with an aerospace company, AIM Altitude, has developed a nanocomposite suitable for aircraft interiors based on poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) which has been developed using renewable and bio-based sources.
This new nanocomposite has exhibited good fire resistance and mechanical performance. Additionally, this material has increased peel strength property, which enhances the durability and integrity of the product significantly.
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- Continue reading: An Overview of Gold Thin Films: From Sensors to Cell Culture.
References and Future ReadingPang, L. et al. (2021) Antibiofouling Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membranes for Sustainable Water Purification. Advanced Sustainable Systems. 5(6). 2000279. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/adsu.202000279
Kumar, A. et al. (2021) Smart nanomaterial and nanocomposite with advanced agrochemical activities. Nanoscale Research Letters. 16, 156. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-021-03612-0
Bhat, A. et al. (2021) Review on nanocomposites based on aerospace applications. Nanotechnology Reviews. 10 (1). pp. 237-253. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2021-0018
Shukla, P. and Saxena, P. (2021) Polymer Nanocomposites in Sensor Applications: A Review on Present Trends and Future Scope. Chinese Journal of Polymer Science. 39, pp.665–691. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10118-021-2553-8
Shukla, V. et al. (2019) Chapter 13 - Role of Nanocomposites in Future Nanoelectronic Information Storage Devices. Nanoelectronics. Devices, Circuits and Systems Advanced Nanomaterials. pp. 399-431. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813353-8.00011-7
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Dr. Priyom BosePriyom holds a Ph.D. in Plant Biology and Biotechnology from the University of Madras, India. She is an active researcher and an experienced science writer. Priyom has also co-authored several original research articles that have been published in reputed peer-reviewed journals. She is also an avid reader and an amateur photographer.