Effects of Pine Bark Extract on Physicochemical Properties and Biological Activity of Active Chitosan Film by Bionic Structure of Dragonfly Wing
Bionic and active films based on chitosan were developed with the bionic structure of dragonfly wings incorporating pine bark extract (PBE). Physicochemical properties of the films, including thickness, opacity, moisture content, color, mechanical properties, and water vapor permeability were measured. Antioxidant activity of the films was characterized by DPPH free radical scavenging activity. The interaction between chitosan and PBE was explored by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry. The results indicated that the addition of PBE gave rise to the films greater opacity, redness, and darker appearance. Compared with pure chitosan film, the thickness, opacity, mechanical properties, and oxidation resistance of the bionic chitosan–PBE film increased, and the water vapor permeability decreased. The films based on chitosan incorporated PBE and with the bionic structure of dragonfly wings can potentially be applied to food packaging.