Plant Byproducts as Part of Edible Coatings: A Case Study with Parsley, Grape and Blueberry Pomace
Studies dealing with the development of edible/biodegradable packaging have been gaining popularity since these commodities are marked as being ecofriendly, especially when byproducts are incorporated. Consequently, this study aimed at the development of chitosan-based coatings with plant byproducts. Their sensory properties, colour attributes, occurrence of cracks in microstructure and biodegradability were analysed. Coatings containing grape and blueberry pomace had statistically significantly (p &lt; 0.05) higher levels of colour intensity. Coating samples were characterised by lower aroma intensity (3.46–4.77), relatively smooth surface (2.40–5.86), and low stickiness (2.11–3.14). In the overall hedonic evaluation, the samples containing parsley pomace in all concentrations and a sample containing 5% grape pomace achieved a statistically significantly (p &lt; 0.05) better evaluation (5.76–5.93). The lowest values of the parameter ?E2000 were recorded for the sample containing 5% parsley pomace (3.5); the highest was for the sample with 20% blueberry pomace (39.3). An analysis of the coating surface microstructure showed the presence of surface cracks at an 80 K magnification but the protective function of the edible coating was not disrupted by the added plant pomace. The produced samples can be considered to have a high biodegradability rate. The results of our experimentally produced coatings indicate their possible application on a commercial scale.
Publication date: 03/08/2021
Author: Alexandra Tauferova
Reference: doi: 10.3390/polym13152578