An Efficient Approach to Prepare Water-Redispersible Starch Nanocrystals from Waxy Potato Starch
Starch nanocrystals (SNCs) are a biodegradable polymer which has been widely studied and used in many fields. In this study, we have developed an efficient procedure for the preparation of SNCs. First, sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) and vinyl acetate (VAC) were used to modify waxy potato starch (WPS). Then, the modified starches were hydrolyzed with sulfuric acid to prepare SNCs. Results showed that SNCs prepared with modified starch had higher zeta potentials and better dispersion properties than the original starch. After modification, WPS still maintained its semi-crystalline structure, but the surface became rougher. SHMP-modified WPS showed a decrease in viscosity peak and an increase in gelatinization temperature. VAC-modified WPS showed increased swelling power. Additionally, SNCs prepared with VAC-modified WPS had better water redispersibility and dispersion stability than those from SHMP-modified starch&mdash;which will have broader application prospects in the field of safe and biodegradable food packaging.