Antibacterial mechanisms and applications of metal-organic frameworks and their derived nanomaterials
BackgroundBacterial infection is one of the most serious threats to public health. Despite traditional antibiotics therapy provides an effective approach to combat pathogenic bacteria, the long-term use and overuse of antibiotics result in the evolution of bacteria with antibiotic resistance. Recent progress in nanotechnology offers novel opportunities to overcome the obstacle with independence of antibiotics. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as new tools to combat bacterial infection in biomedical and food packaging fields.