Microencapsulation of Cannabidiol in Liposomes as Coating for Cellulose for Potential Advanced Sanitary Material
The microencapsulation of the cannabidiol and its integration into the tampon can eliminate vaginal inflammation, which at the same time lead to relaxation of the abdominal muscles. The tampon, which contains the active substance cannabidiol (CBD), was developed as an advanced fibrous composite for sanitary application. The active substances were microencapsulated, and, as a carrier, liposomes micro/nano capsules were used. The CBD liposome formulation was analyzed by particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential, and encapsulation efficiency. Particle size of the CBD liposome liquid formulation was increased by 19%, compared to the liposome liquid formulation and the encapsulation efficiency of CBD in liposome particles, which was 90%. The CBD liposome formulation was applied to cellulose material. The composition of the fibrous composite material was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the fiber morphology was analyzed by scanning electron spectroscopy, while the bioactive properties were assessed by antioxidant efficiency, antimicrobial properties, and desorption kinetics. CBD liposome functionalized tampons have both antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Antimicrobial properties were more pronounced against Gram-positive bacteria. The desorption kinetics of the CBD liposome immobilized on the surface of the composite material was studied using antioxidant activity in the desorption bath. The prepared CBD liposome functionalized tampon additionally shows higher biodegradability compared to references. This high-quality, biodegradable sanitary material based on microencapsulated CBD components as a functional coating provides a platform for many different applications besides medical textiles, also for packaging, pharmaceuticals, paper and wood-based materials, etc.
Publication date: 22/12/2020
Author: Julija Volmajer Valh
Reference: doi: 10.3390/coatings11010003