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Nanoperlite effect on thermal, rheological, surface and cellular properties of poly lactic acid/nanoperlite nanocomposites for multipurpose applications

In this study, poly lactic acid (PLA) based nanocomposites containing perlite nanoparticles were prepared by melt mixing method. Various characterization techniques were employed to evaluate the performance PLA/nanoperlite nanocomposites. The nanocomposites were characterized via FTIR to investigate the functional groups and chemical structure of the nanocomposites. Thermal properties of the nanocomposites, examined by DSC, showed that the increase of nano-perlite content in the PLA matrix reduces the crystallinity and melting temperature of the nanocomposites. The rheological studies indicated that both of storage and loss modulus are increased when the nanoperlite is added up to 5 wt%. However, the modulus is reduced in samples containing more than 5 wt% nanoparticle due to their agglomeration. The in-vitro degradation studies of the nanocomposites at elevated and normal temperatures showed hydrolytic degradation around 13–15 months. The surface behavior results implied that the water contact angle values exhibit a reducing trend when the nanoperlite content increases up to 3 wt%, which can be related to the decreased crystallinity of PLA and also to the hydrophilic nature of perlite. Moreover, the adhesion of osteoblast cells and their viability on an electrospun scaffold, made of optimized sample, showed the initial implications of potential applications of the nanocomposites in bone regeneration and biomedical applications. These multipurpose nanocomposites can also be used for packaging applications.

Publication date: 01/11/2020

Author: Shaghayegh Toghi Aval, Seyed Mohammad Davachi, Razi Sahraeian, Younas Dadmohammadi, Behzad Shiroud Heidari, Javad Seyfi, Iman Hejazi, Imann Mosleh, Alireza Abbaspourrad

Polymer Testing


This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 837761.