Raw and chemically treated bio?waste filled (Limonia acidissima shell powder) vinyl ester composites: Physical, mechanical, moisture absorption properties, and microstructure analysis
The rapid growth of environmentally sustainable and eco?friendly materials tends to the utilization of biowastes as filler in polymer matrix composites. The particulate composite with improved wettability of fillers and advanced approach can evolve polymer composites that exhibit promising applications in packaging, automobile, marine, construction, and aerospace. In the present work, one of the biowaste fillers were synthesized from Limonia acidissima shells via a top?down approach (pulverizing) and the surfaces were chemically modified using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) before they were used as fillers in vinyl ester polymer composites by different weight percentage (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20?wt%). The prepared particulate composites were characterized by mechanical properties, moisture absorption behavior, and morphology. At different filler loading the tensile strength, tensile modulus, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength, hardness, density, and moisture intake tests were performed. The results reveal that the properties increased for composites filled with alkaline treated fillers for the same filler loading and found to be higher at filler loading of 15?wt%. The morphological analysis confirms the better interfacial bonding between alkali?treated particles and matrix due to the removal of non?cellulose materials from the surface of the particles.
Publication date: 14/07/2020
Author: Vasantha Kumar Shravanabelagola Nagaraja Setty,
Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,
Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology