Nanofluid to Nanocomposite Film: Chitosan and Cellulose-Based Edible Packaging
Chitosan (CH)-based materials are compatible to form biocomposite film for food packaging applications. In order to enhance water resistance and mechanical properties, cellulose can be introduced to the chitosan-based film. In this work, we evaluate the morphology and water resistance of films prepared from chitosan and cellulose in their nanoscale form and study the phenomena underlying the film formation. Nanofluid properties are shown to be dependent on the particle form and drive the morphology of the prepared film. Film thickness and water resistance (in vapor or liquid phase) are clearly enhanced by the adjunction of nanocrystalline cellulose.