Novel Extruded Starch-Beet Pulp Composites for Packaging Foams
This article concerns the elaboration and the characterization of a novel biobased potato starch-beet pulp composite for packaging applications as cushion foams. A twin-screw extruder was used to elaborate composite foams. SEM observations of these materials were conducted, and thermomechanical properties were studied in terms of thermal transitions (TGA, DSC) and viscoelastic properties (DMA). The effect of relative humidity content on viscoelastic properties was analyzed as a function of frequency. The different test results show that the composite structures are homogeneously mixed. The sponge-like structure of the beet-pulp disappears indicating a good compatibility between the two mixed constituents. The DSC curve of starch-beet pulp foam shows a single thermal transition at 153.6 &deg;C, indicating the thermal homogeneity of the obtained composite material. The density value of starch-beet pulp foam is higher than conventional foams, but this can be optimized by adjusting the technological parameters of the extruder. The viscoelastic properties of the developed materials depend on the relative humidity.