Conversion of waste cooking oil into medium chain polyhydroxyalkanoates in a high cell density fermentation
Biodegradable and biocompatible polymers polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) have a wide range of applications from packaging to medical. For the production of PHA at scale it is necessary to develop a high productivity bioprocess based on the use of a cheap substrate. The objective of the current study was to develop a high cell density bioreactor-based process for the production of medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mclPHA) with waste cooking oil as the sole carbon and energy source. A number of substrate feeding strategies for bacterial growth and polymer production were investigated. Pseudomonas chlororaphis 555 achieved high biomass of 73?g/L medium and a good biomass yield (including PHA in the cell) of 0.52?g/g substrate. P. chlororaphis 555 accumulated 13.9?g mclPHA/L and achieved polymer productivity of 0.29?g mclPHA/(L h). The mclPHA contained predominantly (R)-3-hydroxyoctanoic acid and (R)-3-hydroxydecanoic acid monomers, with a high fraction of (R)-3-hydroxydodecanoic acid monomers. This polymer is of low molecular weight (18 324?kDa), low polydispersity, it is amorphous, and has a glass transition temperature of ?64?°C.
Publication date: 30/08/2019
Author: Carolina Ruiz, Shane T Kenny, Tanja Narancic, Ramesh Babu, Kevin O’ Connor
JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY