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On the Use of Dolomite as a Mineral Filler and Co-Filler in the Field of Polymer Composites: A Review

Polymers are being used in many applications all around the world. However, there are some drawbacks in the properties of polymers that could hamper their usage in certain applications. Therefore, a new material polymer composite was introduced. A polymer composite is a polymer-based material with the addition of a filler. Many researchers have reported the improvement in the properties of a polymer when a filler was introduced. This helps minimize the disadvantages of using a polymer. As a result, polymer composite products can be used in many industries, such as automobile, aerospace, biomedical, and packaging. Fillers derived from natural minerals, such as dolomite, are among the best reinforcement materials for polymeric materials because they are plentiful and low cost, have high rigidity and hardness, and even have tailorable surface chemistry. The use of dolomite as a filler in a polymer composite system has gained increasing attention in recent years after researchers successfully proved that it is capable of improving the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties of various polymeric materials. However, chemical or physical treatment/modification of raw dolomite is needed in order to prepare it as an efficient reinforcing filler. This procedure helps to improve the performance of the resultant polymer composites. This article reviews the usage of dolomite as a filler in a variety of polymeric materials and how it improved the performance of the polymer composite materials. It also highlights several methods that have been used for the purpose dolomite’s treatment/modification. Furthermore, the role of dolomite as a co-filler or a hybrid filler in a polymer composite system is also discussed, revealing the great potential and prospect of this mineral filler in the field of polymer composites for advanced applications.

Publication date: 13/07/2022

Author: Asfa Amalia Ahmad Fauzi

Reference: doi: 10.3390/polym14142843

MDPI (polymers)


This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 837761.